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Yet others have tried more unusual strategies. At Search for Common Ground , we make soap operas with conflict resolution themes for teenagers aired on radio in Africa and on television in Macedonia. Similarly, Benetton sponsored a summer camp for teenage basketball players from the former Yugoslavia, one of many examples in which people have tried to use sports to build bridges, ironically, in part through competition.

Last but by no means least, it should be obvious from the above that many people have used religion as a vehicle to help forge reconciliation. Thus, the Rev. John Dawson has made reconciliation between blacks and whites the heart of his year ministry in South Central Los Angeles.

Questions Catholics Ask

Similarly, Corrymeela is an interfaith religious retreat center, which has spent the last 25 years facilitating meetings between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland. Additional insights into reconciliation are offered by Beyond Intractability project participants. There is at least one common denominator to all these approaches to reconciliation.

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They all are designed to lead individual men and women to change the way they think about their historical adversaries. As a result, reconciliation occurs one person at a time and is normally a long and laborious process. Reconciliation matters because the consequences of not reconciling can be enormous. In Fen Osler Hampson's terms, too many peace agreements are "orphaned.

Without reconciliation, the best one can normally hope for is the kind of armed standoff we have seen in Cyprus for nearly 30 years. In , the rival Turk and Greek forces agreed to a cease fire, a temporary partition of the island, and the introduction of United Nations Peacekeeping forces. Since then, little progress has been made toward conflict resolution; in fact, it is all but impossible for Greek Cypriots to visit the Turkish part of the island and vice versa. Despite Oslo and other agreements and despite some serious attempts at reconciliation at the grassroots level, the parties made little progress toward achieving stable peace until when Palestinian frustrations finally boiled over in a new and bloodier round of violence.

For instance, because Catholics and Protestants have not made much progress toward reconciliation, every dispute between them since has threatened to undermine the accomplishments of the Good Friday Agreement which put at least a temporary end to "the troubles" in Northern Ireland. At the most basic level, reconciliation is all about individuals.

  • Reconciliation!
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  • It cannot be forced on people. They have to decide on their own whether to forgive and reconcile with their one-time adversaries.

    Reconciliation | Beyond Intractability

    Nothing shows this better than the remarkable documentary, "Long Night's Journey Into Day" which chronicles four cases considered by the South African Truth and Reconciliation Committee. The last scene of the sequence shows a meeting he held with the mothers of the seven boys in which he begs for their forgiveness. It is clear that, unlike one of his white colleagues who is interviewed earlier, his confession and his remorse are heart-felt. Still, at first the mothers, whose pain remains raw more than a decade after the murders, refuse to forgive him.

    Then, one of them asks if his first name means "prayer" and when he says it does, you can literally watch the mothers draw on their own Christianity and find the mental "space" to forgive the former officer. By its very nature, reconciliation is a "bottom up" process and thus cannot be imposed by the state or any other institution. However, as the South African example shows, governments can do a lot to promote reconciliation and provide opportunities for people to come to grips with the past. In South Africa, the TRC heard testimony from over 22, individuals and applications for amnesty from another 7, The TRC's success and the publicity surrounding it have led new regimes in such diverse countries as East Timor and Yugoslavia to form truth commissions of one sort or another.

    The idea of restorative justice, in general, is gaining more widespread support, especially following the creation of the International Criminal Court. And, truth commissions need not be national. A number of organizations in Greensboro, North Carolina, have come together to try to achieve reconciliation in a city which has been at the forefront of many violent racial incidents since the first sit-ins there in Most successful efforts at reconciliation have, in fact, been led by teams of "locals" from both sides of the divide.

    Both were outspoken opponents of apartheid, but they made certain to include whites who had been supporters of the old regime until quite near its end. The one exception to this rule is the role that NGOs can play in peacebuilding. The Mennonite Central Council, in particular, has focused a lot of its work in Central and South America on reconciliation. And even though it rarely uses the term, Search for Common Ground develops news programs and soap operas with conflict resolution themes in such countries as Macedonia and Burundi.

    Even though reconciliation mostly involves people talking to each other, it is not easy to achieve. Rather it is among the most difficult things people are ever called on to do emotionally. Victims have to forgive oppressors. The perpetrators of crimes against humanity have to admit their guilt and, with it, their arrogance. But perhaps the difficulty of reconciling can best be seen in the case of the former police officer and the seven mothers mentioned above. Most of them broke down and had to be escorted out of the room during the hearing at the TRC on the request for amnesty by two of their killers.

    And, their pain and anger are inescapable at the beginning of their meeting with the officer. It is clear that it is not easy for them to forgive him; but it is also abundantly clear how far doing so relieves them of the pain they have carried inside them for years. So I urge people to read this essay, thinking not that it is out of date, but rather it is something we need to re-learn! For example, living in the United States in , there is a crying need for reconciliation between the various political, religious, and cultural groups. If we keep growing the divides between these groups further, the future is very dark for everyone.

    The same can be said for European democracies, which seem to be torn by intractable identity and economic conflicts just as the U. Despite the crying need around the globe, "reconciliation" is a concept I hear less and less. In the U. S, by far the loudest talk is about "winning and losing," "destroying the establishment" meaning "the other" and "resistance.

    Perhaps that is what it takes before reconciliation can seem a desirable goal. On July 2, , Chip wrote a blog article about his original essay and my comment that it was out of date.

    Sacrament of Reconciliation

    He gave us permission to include his blog here as well. As Doug Irvin-Erickson and I get deeper into writing our textbook, we find that reconciliation is a term we keep coming back to—and for good reason. In her terms, we need to re-learn it. So, let me do just that in our steps here in which I make a slightly different case in four steps.

    I have no doubt that reconciliation still matters.

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    In that sense, reconciliation involves more than parties to a dispute sitting down with each other, talking things out, and somehow magically finding ways to get along. That is part of it. But only part. Progress has been made toward reconciliation in both places. However, it will always be limited as long as the social and economic injustices that have limited the options of Catholics in the former and Blacks in the latter continue.

    In that time, he has begun convincing me that reconciliation and many of the other tools my kind of peacebuilding relies on may not always be appropriate. And why should they? As they obey Christ in taking the step of forgiveness, children have been reconciled with their parents; husbands and wives, with their respective spouse; pastors with peoples; others, with colleagues, relatives and friends.

    There have also been times of sorrow when she has to witness persistent unwillingness in some who are not ready to forgive others as Christ has forgiven them. Many continue to live under the burden of their brokenness. The joy and freedom of being forgiven for resentment can only be experienced by those who have obeyed Him in forgiving others and self. May God our Father bless you as you share His grace of forgiveness with others. Yet, in the life, teaching, and mission of our Saviour, Jesus, as well as in the Old Testament messages, forgiveness is the heart of the whole gospel.

    Without our forgiving one another as fellow humans, we cannot be friends with each other too. Again and again, I watch conscientious brothers and sisters in Christ cry as they recount the hurts others have inflicted on them through the years. There seems no solution to the feeling of being trapped in the vicious cycles of their emotional wounds and wrong habits.

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    They want to continue to collect debts from those who have hurt them. This is because they do not really understand what it means when God forgives them their sins. But they cannot comprehend why the hurts keep returning despite their good intentions to be good to those who have hurt them. Therefore, this is written with the hope of persuading the first group to forgive, to teach the second group the meaning of forgiveness and to reassure the third group that God approves of their willingness to forgive, and will eventually replace their negative feelings with positive feelings for those who have hurt them before.

    May you sense the presence of the ultimate Forgiver, Jesus Christ Himself, as you read on. May you experience His freedom in you as you practice forgiveness to those who have wronged you, in obedience to Him. Jesus Christ forgave those who murdered Him before they even knew that they had sinned against Him. In the same manner, God expects us to take the initiative to forgive our wrongdoers even if they do not know that they have wronged us.

    Forgiveness does not always lead to reconciliation e.

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    Nevertheless, always seek for reconciliation if the person is alive. Do not put false guilt on the forgiver by asking him to guarantee reconciliation. We need to be patient with others as God is so patient with us. Look at what the Son of God did for us on the cross and consider the time lapse before we sinners, one by one down the generations, received Him as our Saviour and Friend.

    Please make brief notes as you read. This will help you put into practice what the Lord may be saying to you. Part II: Signs and Symptoms of Unforgiveness Read Hebrews ,2 Since hurts in our lives act as weights and unforgiveness is a sin, they cause damage to our whole persons one way or another. Therefore, we are encouraged to get rid of them, to let go of them Below are some means of diagnosing unforgiveness.

    Hurts are like the germs that cause the boils of painful feelings in our lives.